The following is a simple introduction to soil biology and some of the organisms at play.

Digram from the soil food web institute



play a vital role in breaking down organic matter, maintaining the soils ability to retain nutrients, assisting in disease suppression and helping improve soil structure by forming micro-aggregates.  Certain types of bacteria also undertake a range of other functions including the breaking down of toxic compounds and assisting with nitrogen fixation.

Source: The Soil Food Web Institute



Nematodes are classified in a number of functional groups based on their food source - fungal, bacterial, or root feeders.  There are also predatory nematodes that eat other nematodes.  The majority of nematodes are beneficial as they form an integral part of the soil food web.  They convert nutrients into plant available forms by consuming either fungi or bacteria.  Beneficial nematodes also consume disease causing organisms, and are an important food source for larger organisms

Source: The Soil Food Web Institute



Fungi are comprised of microscopic cells that grow in long threads called hyphae. Fungal hyphae bind soil particles into macro-aggregates which increase the soil’s ability to absorb and retain water.  Fungi also play an important role in the breaking down of organic matter into useful forms and assists in nutrient retention and disease suppression.

Source: The Soil Food Web Institute

Interested in knowing more?


Smartsoil collaborates with industry experts to run workshops & courses aimed on spreading information on regeneration. We are currently building a fully accredited curriculum covering methods on regeneration of Mind, Body & Soil. This means you can get educated and start teaching this stuff to your loved ones & people within your community, and together we can build the generation of regeneration. We truly believe nature has all the answers, it’s time to stop killing the biology in our soil and let mother nature take control of your system. We are here to shape & cultivate nature, not destroy her.